Endocrinology

The endocrinologist is the doctor who deals with diseases of the endocrine system. Endocrinologists diagnose diseases affecting the glands. They know how to treat diseases that are often complex and involve many systems in our body.

What Do Endocrinologists Do?
Endocrinologists diagnose, track, and treat hormone imbalance and problems. Homronal diseases are very diverse, for example: Diabetes, Thyroid diseases, Metabolic disorders, Over or under production of hormones, Menopause, Osteoporosis, Hypertension, Fat metabolism related diseases, Infertility (Infertility), Growth retardation (Short stature), Tumors of the glands, Obesity…

Endocrinologists may order some tests to evaluate how glands work.

What type of medical education do endocrinologists receive?
Endocrinologists complete a six-year medical school and then complete a four or five-year internal medicine specialization program. They spend three years learning how to diagnose and treat hormone diseases. In total, training of an endocrinologist takes more than 13 years.

What are the Most Common Endocrine Diseases and Disorders?
Diseases and disorders of the endocrine system can be grouped in various different areas. The main areas of endocrinology are described below.

  • Diabetes
  • Thyroid
  • Bone
  • Reproduction & Infertility
  • Obesity and Overweight
  • Pituitary Gland
  • Growth
  • Hypertension
  • Lipid Disorders

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Ada Hospital

Diabetes
Patients with diabetes have too much sugar in their blood. Recent studies have shown that blood sugar control can help prevent serious problems that diabetes can cause. These problems are related to the eyes, kidneys and nerves, and can lead to blindness, kidney failure, dialysis or gangrene in patients with poor blood glucose adjustment. Endocrinologists treat diabetes with diet and oral medications or insulin. They work with patients to monitor their blood sugar and monitor patients so they can prevent health problems that may develop.

Thyroid
Patients with thyroid disorders often have problems with their energy levels. In addition, they may have problems with muscle stiffness, sensory impairments, weight control, and tolerance to heat or cold. Endocrinologists treat patients with thyroid hormone excess (hyperthyroidism) or lowness (hypothyroidism) caused by over or under thyroid function. They help patients maintain hormone balance either by giving thyroid hormone or by blocking excess hormone. Endocrinologists are also trained to treat thyroid nodules, thyroid cancer, and enlarged thyroid tissue (goiter).

Bone
Patients with thyroid disorders often have problems with their energy levels. In addition, they may have problems with muscle stiffness, sensory impairments, weight control, and tolerance to heat or cold. Endocrinologists treat patients with thyroid hormone excess (hyperthyroidism) or lowness (hypothyroidism) caused by over or under thyroid function. They help patients maintain hormone balance either by giving thyroid hormone or by blocking excess hormone. Endocrinologists are also trained to treat thyroid nodules, thyroid cancer, and enlarged thyroid tissue (goiter).

Reproduction & Infertility
Approximately one in ten couples in the world cannot have children. Endocrine research has helped thousands of couples have children. Endocrinologists diagnose and treat hormonal disorders that can cause infertility. They work with patients who need hormone delivery. Problems that endocrinologists treat in reproductive endocrinology include menopausal complaints, menstrual irregularities, polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), premenstural syndrome and impotence (sexual weakness).

Obesity and Overweight
Endocrinologists research and treat overweight and obese patients due to metabolic and hormonal problems. Obese people have a lot of body fat. Thyroid, adrenal, ovarian and pituitary disorders can cause obesity. Endocrinologists also evaluate and treat insulin resistance and genetic problems associated with obesity.

Pituitary Gland
The pituitary is often called the main secretory gland of the body because it controls the other glands. The pituitary produces several important hormones. Excess or lack of pituitary hormones can lead to infertility, menstrual disorders, growth disorders (overgrowth or short stature), cortisol imbalances (obesity or weakness), prolactin excesses. Endocrinologists control these conditions with medications and direct patients who need surgery.

Growth
Children and adults are affected by not having enough growth hormones. Pediatric endocrinologists treat children with endocrine disorders that cause short stature and other growth disorders. Adults with growth hormone deficiency experience emotional stress and malaise. Safe and effective growth hormone therapy is available for these people.

Hypertension
Hypertension means high blood pressure and is a risk factor for heart disease. More than 10% of people have high blood pressure due to the excess of aldosterone, a hormone synthesized in the adrenal gland. Approximately half of these cases have diseases that can be treated surgically. Pheochromocytoma, a metabolic syndrome or a rare adrenal disorder, can also lead to hormone imbalance, causing hypertension. All these conditions can be successfully treated.

Lipid Disorders
Patients with lipid disorders have problems maintaining normal body fat (cholesterol) levels. The most common lipid disorders; excess cholesterol, triglyceride excess, or low levels of protective cholesterol (HDL Cholesterol). High levels of these fats are associated with heart (coronary) disease, stroke and peripheral vascular diseases (circulatory problems in the legs). Endocrnologists are trained to detect hypothyroidism (thyroid hormone deficiency), drug use (such as cortisone), genetic or metabolic conditions that may be associated with lipid disorders. Lipid disorders can be accompanied by conditions such as diabetes, metabolic syndrome, polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) and obesity that require special management. Special diets, exercises and medications can be applied to treat hyperlipidemia and other lipid disorders.